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Paroaria nigrogenis in the river
paroaria nigrogenis
Paroaria nigrogenis (Masked Cardinal)

The Masked Cardinal, is native to Trinidad, far northeastern Colombia, and northern Venezuela. It was previously considered conspecific with the Red-capped Cardinal (Paroaria gularis), but the Masked Cardinal is distinguished by its black ear-coverts, red lower throat and upper chest, and a typically whitish lower mandible. This bird's recognition as a distinct species is supported by the lack of hybridization with P. gularis in the limited area where their ranges overlap in southern Venezuela.

Paroaria nigrogenis on a branch

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