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Amazilia tzacatl
amazilia tzacatl
Amazilia tzacatl (Rufous-tailed Hummingbird)

The Rufous-tailed Hummingbird is a medium-sized hummingbird endemic to the American tropics, stretching from east-central Mexico through Central America, down to Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela​​. Its genus, Amazilia, is named after an Inca heroine, and the species' epithet tzacatl is derived from Aztec mythology, referring to a warrior chief​​. With five recognized subspecies, this bird exhibits sexual dimorphism, as the males sport a green head and upperparts with a chestnut-brown tail, while the females have a paler gray lower breast​​​​. The species is known for its melodic "varied, high, thin, squeaky chirping" and is classified as "Least Concern" by the IUCN​​. Photographed in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia.

A flying Amazilia tzacatl with an orange beak

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